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All About Tyres

Tyre Markings
All the information necessary in making a decision on whether a tyre is suitable for your vehicle are made available by the tyre manufacturer through the tyre sidewall markings as follows:

tyre
  1. 1. Tyre size
  2. 2. How to mount the tyre on the wheel - For directional tyres 
  3. 3. Maximum Load and Inflation pressures the tyre can handle
  4. 4. Commercial Name/ Sub-Brand Name e.g. Eagle, Monarch II
  5. 5. Materials used in the Tyre Construction 
  6. 6. Tyre Mold Markings
  7. 7. Load index and the speed symbol
  8. 8. Tubeless / Tubetype
  9. 9. Country of Origin
  10. 10. Brand Name / Trade Name e.g. Yana
  11. 11. Tread Wear Indicators – Locations for tread wear indicators on the tread grooves

What does the tyre size code tell you?

tyre
  1. Look at the following

  2. 205 - Tyre width
  3. 55 - Tyre height vs Tyre width in (%) Aspect Ratio
  4. R - Radial Construction
  5. 16 - Rim Diameter (Inch)
  6. W - Speed symbol


TYRE CARE

Tyres are built for a specific purpose and need to be used in the correct application to ensure that maximum performance and benefit is achieved. This calls for proper tyre care and maintenance that involves:

1. Inflation pressures
Tyres act as air containers and therefore for them to be able to perform their key functions optimally, they MUST be inflated to the recommended inflation pressures.
The recommended inflation pressure is written on a sticker placed on the driver’s door pillar (door way), the vehicle dash-board or the vehicle manual and as recommended by the tyre manufacturer. Over and under inflation will not only generate irregular tread wear patterns, but can also lead to premature tyre failure.

2. Wheel alignment
Apart from the difficulties in vehicle control when the wheels are not properly aligned the wear rate of tyres is accelerated due to dragging that results in irregular wear of the tyres. Therefore proper tyre alignment comes with a lot of advantages that include:

  • Increased wear resistance – longer tyre life
  • Better vehicle control and braking
  • Softer steering
  • Safer cornering


3. Tyre Rotation
Tyre rotation is the activity where the tyre positions are exchanged on the vehicle to achieve increased tyre life.

  • Tyres should be rotated every 5,000km to prevent irregular wear and to ensure proper car balance and handling and to prolong tyre life.
  • Lack of periodic rotation causes excessive tyre wear on one side of the tread.
  • Proper tyre rotation can increase tyre life by up to 20%
tyre-rotation
Tyre rotation is the activity where the tyre positions are exchanged on the vehicle to achieve increased tyre life. • Tyres should be rotated every 5,000km to prevent irregular wear and to ensure proper car balance and handling and to prolong tyre life. • Lack of periodic rotation causes excessive tyre wear on one side of the tread. • Proper tyre rotation can increase tyre life by up to 20%


4. Proper tyre Replacement

  • Deeper groove depths are necessary when driving on wet highways for water evacuation and to prevent hydroplaning.
  • Tyre manufacturers provide Tread Wear Indicators on the tread grooves to enable the end users determine when tyres are due for replacement without doing any measurements.
  • When the Tread Wear Indicators are on the same level with the rest of the tread surface then the tyres are due for replacement.

For optimum vehicle performance all tyres should be replaced at the same time.
If you're replacing only two tires, be sure to have them installed on your vehicle's Rear Axle.

WHY?
For both Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) & Front Wheel Drive (FWD), it’s safer to use newer tires for the rear set, in unforeseen or difficult situations (emergency braking, tight bends, high-speed cornering, etc) particularly on wet surfaces. Test data shows that it is easier to control the front wheels than those at the rear especially on wet surfaces and hence you require tyres with the maximum grip at the rear axle where you have limited control as opposed to the front during emergency breaking and cornering on wet surfaces.

TYRE SAFETY

Why tyre safety?

Tyres are probably the most ignored yet most essential safety item on your car. Forget engine failures & blown gaskets, the bottom line is its still up to the tyres to get the whole package going safely.

While many accidents and traffic incidents are blamed – directly and indirectly – on tyres, a number of key facts are ignored.

  • tyres are built for a specific purpose and need to be used in the correct application to ensure that maximum performance and benefit is achieved
  • If tyres are abused through bad driving, overloading of vehicles or simple negligence when they are allowed to wear excessively, the potential for an accident is high.
  • It all comes down to our knowledge of and understanding of tyres as motorists and road users. As motorists we need to make it our business to know everything there is to know about the tyres on our motor vehicle, from what brands they are to the way they are constructed.

While great strides have been made in design and manufacturing with rare exceptions, it is what a tyre experiences or is exposed to in the field that determines whether it will succeed or fail in service.

It is important for drivers to develop good driving habits:

  • Daily visual checks on the tyres.
  • Weekly tyre pressure checks
  • Rotate tyres every 5000 Kms
  • Ensure use of valve cap to protect air loss

 

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